Science

Ocean Confetti!

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Created by Henry Reich
Production and Writing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert, Ever Salazar, and Kate Yoshida

Music by Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

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References

Andrady, A. L. (2011). Microplastics in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(8), 1596-1605. http://plasticsoupfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Microplastics-in-the-marine-environment.pdf

Barnes, D. K., Galgani, F., Thompson, R. C., & Barlaz, M. (2009). Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences,364(1526), 1985-1998. http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/364/1526/1985.full

Browne, M. A., Crump, P., Niven, S. J., Teuten, E., Tonkin, A., Galloway, T., & Thompson, R. (2011). Accumulation of microplastic on shorelines woldwide: sources and sinks. Environmental science & technology, 45(21), 9175-9179. http://plasticsoupfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Browne_2011-EST-Accumulation_of_microplastics-worldwide-sources-sinks.pdf

Cole, M., Lindeque, P., Halsband, C., & Galloway, T. S. (2011). Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin,62(12), 2588-2597. ftp://lakeerie.ohiodnr.com/Wildlife/Fairport_Fish/gorman/Plastics/Cole_ea_2011_Review.pdf

Goldstein, M. C., Titmus, A. J., & Ford, M. (2013). Scales of Spatial Heterogeneity of Plastic Marine Debris in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. PloS one, 8(11), e80020. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080020.g009

Morét-Ferguson, S., Law, K. L., Proskurowski, G., Murphy, E. K., Peacock, E. E., & Reddy, C. M. (2010). The size, mass, and composition of plastic debris in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(10), 1873-1878. http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/15473821/1125263012/name/The%20size,%20mass,%20and%20composition%20of%20plastic%20debris%20in%20the%20western%20North%20Atlantic%20Ocean.pdf

Ryan, P. G., Moore, C. J., van Franeker, J. A., & Moloney, C. L. (2009). Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences,364(1526), 1999-2012. http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/212759.pdf

Zettler, E. R., Mincer, T. J., & Amaral-Zettler, L. A. (2013). Life in the “Plastisphere”: microbial communities on plastic marine debris. Environmental science & technology, 47(13), 7137-7146. http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/paperbot/2ab115be13e52bbb9fbd78ecddd0bd19.pdf

Image credits

Hydration Bottles
Photo by: Flickr user Rubbermaid Products
Hydration Bottles

Sandbox and Beach Toys
Photo by: Black Market
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Childrens_Museum_of_Indianapolis_-_Sandbox_and_Beach_Toys.jpg

Plastics
Photo by: Montgomery Cty Division of Solid Waste Services
Collection of #1 PET plastic, accepted effective June 2012

Plastics Cups
Photo by: Montgomery Cty Division of Solid Waste Services
Cups, #1 PET plastic, accepted effective June 2012

Plastic Bottle
Photo by: Flickr User PUMP AID
Plastic bottle

Chinese Plastic Toys
Photo by: Wikimedia user Fotokannan
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chineese_plastic_toys1.JPG

Playground slide
Flickr user ttarasiuk
DSCN4168

Recycled Water Bottles
Steven Depolo
Recycled Water Bottes World Refugee Day Garfield Park June 25, 20112

Sea with Garbage Dump
Photo by: Adam Jones
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_with_Garbage_Dump_-_Along_the_Malecon_-_Santo_Domingo_-_Dominican_Republic.jpg

Albatross Plastic
Chris Jordan / USFWS Headquarters
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Albatross_at_Midway_Atoll_Refuge_(8080507529).jpg

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