Vox

Why roller coaster loops aren’t circular

The G forces were out of this world.

Subscribe and turn on notifications 🔔 so you don’t miss any videos: http://goo.gl/0bsAjO

If you’ve ever been on a modern looping roller coaster, you’ve probably experienced a thrilling, safe, and mostly comfortable ride. But this wasn’t always the case. Just over 100 years ago, loop-the-loops were painful, not sturdy, and much more dangerous than they are today.

Between the 1840s and early 1900s, loops on roller coasters were perfectly circular — meaning riders would go from traveling in a fairly straight line to immediately moving into a curve. This rapid onset of curvature caused extreme G force spikes that rattled passengers to their core.

The first looping roller coaster in North America — Coney Island’s Flip-Flap Railway — could exert up to 14 G’s on a person. For reference, astronauts in a spaceship launch experience 3 G’s. Fighter pilots with very special equipment and training can handle 10 G’s for short periods of time. 14 G’s was (and still is) tremendous.

More people paid to watch others ride these early coasters rather than ride themselves. Without sustained success, most looping coasters closed down within their first decade of operation.

Looping coasters wouldn’t find success again until the 1970s with a new loop shape, new materials, many more cars — and, thankfully, fewer G’s. In this video, we break down all the advancements that helped make looping coasters the popular ride they are today.

Links:
https://www.aceonline.org/
https://www.youtube.com/user/yoprofmatt
https://vc.bridgew.edu/honors_proj/459/
https://gizmodo.com/why-roller-coaster-loops-are-never-circular-1549063718
https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/1997/08/13/a-brief-history-of-the-roller-coaster/4490a0f9-6a82-451d-86b7-f36a7bc0fbbf/

Make sure you never miss behind-the-scenes content in the Vox Video newsletter, sign up here: http://vox.com/video-newsletter

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com

Support Vox’s reporting with a one-time or recurring contribution: http://vox.com/contribute-now

Shop the Vox merch store: http://vox.com/store

Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE

Follow Vox on Facebook: http://facebook.com/vox
Follow Vox on Twitter: http://twitter.com/voxdotcom
Follow Vox on TikTok: http://tiktok.com/@voxdotcom

Products You May Like

Articles You May Like

25 Halloween Life Hacks – mental_floss List Show Ep. 443
Facts Aren’t Enough | RSA Student Design Awards | Moving Pictures
Stopping a Disastrous Plan with Science: the Bay Model
Sum of even factors
Products That Turned out to be COMPLETE LIES!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *