Science

Mushroom Wars

To learn more about the research behind this video, visit Peter Kennedy’s lab at https://cbs.umn.edu/kennedy-lab

Two mushroom guilds with vastly different strategies are locked in competition for forest dominance.

LEARN MORE
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To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
– Fungi: Members of a eukaryotic kingdom that have chitin in their cell walls and do not photosynthesize.
– Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: Fungi that form a symbiotic relationship with the roots of certain trees.
– Symbiosis: A close and long-term relationship between two unlike organisms.
– Saprotrophic Fungi: Fungi that decompose the remains of other biological entities.
– Gadgil Effect: The phenomenon that occurs when saprotrophic and mycorrhizal fungi compete in forest soils.
– Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that easily evaporate at room temperature.

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CREDITS
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David Goldenberg | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Arcadi Garcia i Rius | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music

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REFERENCES
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Streiblová, E., Gryndlerová, H. and Gryndler, M. (2012), Truffle brûlé: an efficient fungal life strategy. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 80: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01283.x

Fernandez, C.W. and Kennedy, P.G. (2016), Revisiting the ‘Gadgil effect’: do interguild fungal interactions control carbon cycling in forest soils?. New Phytol, 209: 1382-1394. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13648

Ogura-Tsujita, Y., Yukawa, T. & Kinoshita, A. Evolutionary histories and mycorrhizal associations of mycoheterotrophic plants dependent on saprotrophic fungi. J Plant Res 134, 19–41 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-020-01244-6

Miyauchi, S., Kiss, E., Kuo, A. et al. Large-scale genome sequencing of mycorrhizal fungi provides insights into the early evolution of symbiotic traits. Nat Commun 11, 5125 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18795-w

Varga, T., Krizsán, K., Földi, C. et al. Megaphylogeny resolves global patterns of mushroom evolución. Nat Ecol Evol 3, 668–678 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0834-1

Kennedy, Peter. (2022) Personal Communication. University of Minnesota, College of Biological Sciences. https://cbs.umn.edu/kennedy-lab

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