# Math

Thanks to Taka for the suggestion! This is a fun and challenging geometry problem. Special thanks this month to: Michael Anvari, Kyle. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Source What's the width of the rectangle?#geometry #maths #puzzle pic.twitter.com/FPOod0dKrB — pangolin (@panbtc) February 25, 2020 Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video).

Is 1 a prime number? Apparently not. Dr James Grime explains. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ James Grime’s website is: http://singingbanana.com/ NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Brady’s videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/ Brady’s latest videos across all channels: http://www.bradyharanblog.com/ Sign

In 1911, Srinivasa Ramanujan posed this problem involving an infinite nested radical (a never-ending expression that has square roots inside of square roots). Can you figure out how to simplify the equation? The video presents an intuitive solution. Technically it is necessary to prove the equation has a solution (the nested radical converges) because crazy

L-Functions are likely to play a key role in proving the Riemann Hypothesis, says Professor Jon Keating from the University of Bristol. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ L-Function & Modular Form database: http://www.lmfdb.org Prime Number and Riemann Hypothesis playlist: http://bit.ly/primevids Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook:

This problem is adapted from the first round of the 2017 Dutch Maths Olympiad. Special thanks this month to: Robert Zarnke, Marq Short, Kyle, Mike Robertson, Michael Anvari. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Reddit Math Riddles Simple square puzzle from mathriddles Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many

Extended math version: http://youtu.be/ugbWqWCcxrg?t=2m32s A version for Dummies: https://youtu.be/7u6kFlWZOWg More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ This video features Lisa Goldberg, an adjunct professor in the Department of Statistics at University of California, Berkeley. Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Numberphile is

Thanks to Hriden for the suggestion! A version of this problem was given to class 8 students in India (~13 years old). Can you solve for the area of ABCD? Special thanks this month to: Michael Anvari, Kyle. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video).

The Prime Number Theorem shows that primes are like weeds, popping up everywhere! Dr James Grime explains — Little bit extra cut from this video: http://youtu.be/TMRZYSQGAcw More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Our prime number video collection: http://bit.ly/primevids Follow James on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/jamesgrime NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile

Some students in Finland missed out on 1000 euros because they missed this problem! Sources for problem https://old.reddit.com/r/math/comments/cy7u04/a_very_simple_but_tricky_question_from_finnish/ @rizka commented with a link to the 2014 exam (in Finnish). It is question 4: https://yle.fi/progressive/fynd/oppiminen/oppiminen.yle.fi/yo-kokeet/matematiikka_pitka.pdf Quadratic equation history (Brahmagupta) https://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/Quadratic_etc_equations.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadratic_equation#History Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Playlist to watch all videos on MindYourDecisions: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?Subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Click to watch all

Dr James Grime is back and talking about tortoises. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ In many ways this video follows on from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFNjA9LOPsg and then http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMP9a2J4Bqw James Grime’s website is: http://singingbanana.com NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Brady’s videos

Can you solve this fun little geometry puzzle? Thanks to Roman for the suggestion! Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from the links below I may receive a commission for sales. (As an Amazon Associate

Thanks to http://www.audible.com/numberphile More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Here’s the paper Dr Grime discusses: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1101.4470.pdf OEIS: http://oeis.org Dr Grime: http://singingbanana.com 1729: http://youtu.be/LzjaDKVC4iY NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Brady’s videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/ Brady’s latest videos across all channels: http://www.bradyharanblog.com/

Asha and Lata are two sisters with mathematically interesting ages. If you write Lata’s age after Asha’s, you get a 4 digit perfect square. Amazingly the same thing happens if you repeat the exercise in 11 years. How old are Asha and Lata currently? 0:00 Problem 1:09 Difference of squares 2:25 Solution Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send

Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Tony Padilla is an associate professor of physics at the University of Nottingham. Here he discusses the zeta function and Apéry’s Constant. More Tony videos: http://bit.ly/Padilla_Numberphile Tony’s Tweet: https://twitter.com/DrTonyPadilla/status/828527018081918976 Roger Apéry pics courtesy of François Apéry Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research

The problem is a little bit complex, but the answer is delightfully sur-pi-sing! Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Why are some comments before the video is published? Get early access and support the channel on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions If you buy from the

Infographics are not new.. in 1862 Charles Joseph Minard created a much-praised infographic depicting Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ This video features Dr James Grime – http://singingbanana.com More of James on Numberphile: http://bit.ly/grimevideos Here is the info graphic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Minard.png A book coming soon about the

Thanks to Thinh for suggesting this problem! What is the area of a single square? A version of this was given to 12-13 year olds in Vietnam. I admit I didn’t see the trick, but it is a fun one! VN Express (in Vietnamese) https://vnexpress.net/bai-toan-cau-kinh-7-o-vuong-4169822.html Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end

A little extra trick based on some of the Mobius cutting videos we recently published. Featuring Tadashi Tokieda. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ MORE: http://bit.ly/tadashi_vids Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute

To complete a job, it takes: Alice and Bob 2 hours, Alice and Charlie 3 hours, and Bob and Charlie 4 hours. How long will the job take if all 3 work together? Many, many US college students set up the equations incorrectly and get the wrong answer. Can you solve it? Watch the video

Our Pi Playlist (more videos): http://bit.ly/PiPlaylist Pi is famously calculated to trillions of digits – but Dr James Grime says 39 is probably enough. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ An extra note from Dr Grime: “Since pi39 ends in 0, you may think we could use pi38 instead – which has

This video gives a method to convert decimal numbers to binary numbers quickly. This is a variation of the remainder system that is typically taught in courses. I like this method because it gives the answer in the correct order from left to right. Proof of why it works: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/86207/converting-decimalbase-10-numbers-to-binary-by-repeatedly-dividing-by-2 I also give a proof

Dividing by zero, zero divided by zero and zero to the power of zero – all pose problems! More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ This video features Matt Parker and James Grime – https://twitter.com/standupmaths and https://twitter.com/jamesgrime NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran

Thanks to Surjadi from Indonesia for the suggestion! Twitter Cshearer41 A square is split into five rectangles with equal areas. What’s the area of the square? pic.twitter.com/wtuEjxMASI — Catriona Agg (@Cshearer41) July 11, 2020 solution by @birkhofyan pic.twitter.com/3EIij7DjaU — Birkan Yıldız (@birkhofyan) July 11, 2020 Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video).

Tadashi explores a special set of dice… And has a powerful lesson. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Subscribe to Numberphile: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub More dice videos: http://bit.ly/Dice_Videos Playlist of Tadashi Tokieda videos: http://bit.ly/tadashi_vids Want to buy some dice like this – our friends at Maths Gear have some: http://bit.ly/MathsGearDice Discuss this video on

Can you solve this equation? Thanks to Hrigved for the suggestion! Reference https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/438452/find-all-real-numbers-such-that-sqrtx-frac1x-sqrt1-frac1x Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from the links below I may receive a commission for sales. (As an Amazon Associate I

How do we know there are an infinite number of primes? More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Dr James Grime explains, with a bit of help from Euclid. Follow James at https://twitter.com/jamesgrime NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Brady’s videos

This one stumped me! This problem is part of the AIME, a qualifying test for the US Mathematical Olympiad team. The talented students who take the AIME only average about 20 percent–it’s a hard test! Plus no calculators are allowed. Can you figure out this problem from the 1987 test? Learn the trick which results

We now have a Tumblr: Tumblr: http://numberphile.tumblr.com This paper on ebay: http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/221197137799? More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Just how hard was the second problem cracked by Will in Good Will Hunting? Matt Damon! And who doesn’t love Homeomorphically Irreducible Trees? This video features Dr James Grime – http://singingbanana.com/ Music by Alan

Who can solve this one? Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Like many YouTubers I use popular software to prepare my videos. You can search for animation software tutorials on YouTube to learn how to make videos. Be prepared–animation is time consuming and

The AKS Test has been a major break-through in the search for Prime Numbers. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ See the previous video about Fermat’s Prime Test at: http://youtu.be/jbiaz_aHHUQ The video features Dr James Grime – http://singingbanana.com The AKS Test paper: http://bit.ly/primetest Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile

What is the height of the red bar? This puzzle was posted on Math StackExchange by a Math PhD candidate, so I did not feel bad when I was unable to solve it! (Though I suspect some people will even find it “easy.”) Math StackExchange (see solution by Eric Duminil). It was posted by a

Catch David on the Numberphile podcast: https://youtu.be/9y1BGvnTyQA Professor David Eisenbud on the infamous Collatz Conjecture, a simple problem that mathematicians may not be “ready” to crack. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Extra footage from this interview: https://youtu.be/O2_h3z1YgEU Prof Eisenbud’s 17-gon: https://youtu.be/87uo2TPrsl8 Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on

This problem went viral because even teachers had trouble solving it. It even got covered in television news! Can you figure it out? References BlackPenRedPen Twitter Find A, B, C, D, E. This was a 4th-grade math problem in Taiwan that made the news! I remember my friend gave this problem to me from her

Henry Segerman (mathematician and 3D printing guru) discusses how to make three gears work together. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Skew dice: https://youtu.be/uAnCL3vhVIs Check Henry’s book about 3D printing math: http://amzn.to/2cWhY3R Prime Numbers Playlist: http://bit.ly/primevids Prime Machine: https://youtu.be/8UqCyepX3AI You can buy the gears from Henry at Shapeways: http://bit.ly/HenryGears Support us on

This is a pretty tricky problem. Can you solve for the angle? Watch the video for the solution. I thank Barry, and I thank Akshay Dhivare from India for suggesting the problem via email. Sources https://gogeometry.blogspot.com/2008/05/elearn-geometry-problem-10.html Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Playlist to watch all videos on MindYourDecisions: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=UUHnj59g7jezwTy5GeL8EA_g This is the only channel to feature math topics

Marcus du Sautoy discusses Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Extra Footage Part One: https://youtu.be/mccoBBf0VDM Extra Footage Part Two: https://youtu.be/7DtzChPqUAw Professor du Sautoy is Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science and a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford. Professor du Sautoy’s book as mentioned… In

Two boats make a round trip from opposite shores of a lake. They meet and pass at 500 units from the left shore, then at 300 units from the right shore. The boats move at a constant speed and turn around instantly from the shores. What is the distance between the shores? What is the

Featuring Neil Sloane… Check out Brilliant (and get 20% off their premium service): https://brilliant.org/numberphile (sponsor) More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Trapped Knight T-Shirt: https://teespring.com/en-GB/numberphile-trapped-knight Neil Sloane is creator of the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences: https://oeis.org For more on the sequences and diagrams in this video, you can start at: https://oeis.org/A316667

This is a tricky geometry problem with an elegant solution! Sources Adapted from past SEAMO problem (emailed to me) Cut The Knot similar problem https://www.cut-the-knot.org/proofs/swivel.shtml Quote A Technique is Just a Trick That Went Viral Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Why are

Featuring Professor Edward Frenkel. Here is the biggest (?) unsolved problem in maths… The Riemann Hypothesis. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Prime Number Theorem: http://youtu.be/l8ezziaEeNE Fermat’s Last Theorem: http://youtu.be/qiNcEguuFSA Prof Edward Frenkel’s book Love and Math: http://amzn.to/1g6XP6j Professor Frenkel is a mathematics professor at the University of California, Berkeley – http://edwardfrenkel.com

Can you solve for the shaded area? Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Like many YouTubers I use popular software to prepare my videos. You can search for animation software tutorials on YouTube to learn how to make videos. Be prepared–animation is time

A bit about zero – including a discussion of its even-ness!? More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Featuring Dr James Grime (https://twitter.com/jamesgrime) and Professor Roger Bowley (University of Nottingham). NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Videos by Brady Haran Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Brady’s videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/ Brady’s

The Prisoner’s Dilemma is the most famous problem in game theory. Here I give a quick introduction to the problem. If you like my videos, you can support me at Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Connect on social media. I update each site when I have a new video or blog post, so you can follow me on

See our other Graham’s Number videos: http://bit.ly/G_Number More Ron Graham Videos: http://bit.ly/Ron_Graham More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ The magnitude of Graham’s Number is difficult to fathom – Ron Graham himself attempts to explain. WHAT IS the number: http://youtu.be/HX8bihEe3nA Extra footage: http://youtu.be/rGWuimr5CGQ Our original Graham’s Number video: http://youtu.be/XTeJ64KD5cg Any errors in this

This is a fun algebra problem. Can you figure it out? Thanks to Aslah from India for the suggestion! Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from the links below I may receive a commission for