# Math

Thanks to Umesh for the suggestion! If the large circle has a radius equal to 1, what is the radius of each small circle? Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from the links below I

Happy Pi Day! At 3/14/15 at 9:26 the time will be accurate to pi for 7 decimal places. What’s your favorite fact about pi? Links to proofs and more below in the description. 1. The definition 00:10 Related: the area of circle intuitive explanation 2. Pi is irrational 00:47 Proof (video) Proof (blog post) Proving

I bet this one will give many adults a good challenge too. Thanks to Pett for the suggestion! Special thanks this month to: Kyle, Mike Robertson, Michael Anvari, Daniel Lewis, Robert Zarnke. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Singapore International Math Olympiad Challenge (SIMOC) 2015 – Primary 5 Paper, problem 24. Sample Papers Subscribe:

We’re exploring the world of Chicken Nuggets and Frobenius numbers. 43 has long been a special number in the world of McNugget mathematics, but 11 is also important! More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ This video features Dr James Grime. NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub

How do you measure the length of a spiral on a cylinder? There is a neat trick! If you like my videos, you can support me at Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/mindyourdecisions Connect on social media. I update each site when I have a new video or blog post, so you can follow me on whichever method is

Featuring Grant Sanderson, creator of 3blue1brown. Extra footage from this interview: https://youtu.be/pJyKM-7IgAU 3blue1brown video on the shadow a cube: https://youtu.be/ltLUadnCyi0 More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ 3blue1brown: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYO_jab_esuFRV4b17AJtAw Grant on The Numberphile Podcast: https://youtu.be/A0RH93XvSyU Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile We are also supported by Science Sandbox,

Catch a more in-depth interview with Ben Sparks on our Numberphile Podcast: https://youtu.be/-tGni9ObJWk Check out Brilliant (and get 20% off) by clicking https://brilliant.org/numberphile More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Golden seeds limited edition T-Shirt: https://teespring.com/NP-Seeds More Golden Ratio stuff: http://bit.ly/Golden_Ratio More Ben Sparks Numberphile videos: http://bit.ly/Sparks_Playlist Ben’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/SparksMaths Ben’s website: www.bensparks.co.uk

Thanks to Peter for sending me this problem! This is a really fun one and I encourage you to work it out. A priest and a cantor have a conversation about the product and sum of three visitors. After a few exchanges, the cantor figures out the visitors ages. But wait, how old is the

Featuring Neil Sloane. Visit https://gift.climeworks.com/numberphile to give the gift of CO₂ removal. Use code NUMBERPHILE10 for 10% off your purchase in December (sponsor) More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Neil Sloane is the founder of The OEIS: https://oeis.org More videos with Neil: http://bit.ly/Sloane_Numberphile Prime Playlist: https://bit.ly/PrimePlaylist Note the 17350-digit prime we feature

The Monster Group explained. Conway playlist: http://bit.ly/ConwayNumberphile More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Featuring John Conway (Princeton University) and Tim Burness (University of Bristol). Brown papers and Numberphile artwork: http://bit.ly/brownpapers More Conway on this topic: http://youtu.be/xOCe5HUObD4 And Conway on Game of Life, etc: http://bit.ly/JohnConway A little extra bit from Tim: http://youtu.be/MXKiih4JJvQ Support

Thanks to John H. for the suggestion! A square is inscribed in a quarter circle with two of its vertices on the arc. If the radius equals 1, what is the area of the square? Special thanks this month to: Robert Zarnke, Kyle, Mike Robertson, Michael Anvari, Daniel Lewis. Thanks to all supporters on Patreon!

This is a nice little logic puzzle from Terry Stickels! Books by Terry Stickels (including “Contemporary Brainteasers”) http://www.terrystickels.com/books.html Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Like many YouTubers I use popular software to prepare my videos. You can search for animation software tutorials on

Recently Russia’s Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin visited 11th grade students (about 17-18 years old) and asked them a challenging geometry problem. Can you figure it out? I came across this puzzle in Alex Bellos’s column on The Guardian. He has a new book that I wanted to share titled “The Language Lover’s Puzzle Book.” I

Can you pass this logic test that stumps many people? References https://brilliant.org/problems/the-boxes/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/food/article-3905480/Are-smart-solve-beer-burger-brainteaser-Tricky-maths-puzzle-sweeping-web-harder-looks.html Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Like many YouTubers I use popular software to prepare my videos. You can search for animation software tutorials on YouTube to learn how to

If a semicircle and its flipped copy are placed side by side, how much distance do they span from end to end? This is a neat problem adapted from a Mathematical Olympiad Qualifying Test in the Philippines. Can you figure it out? Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos).

Matt Parker talks about numbers – as he often does. His book “Humble Pi” is at: http://bit.ly/Humble_Pi More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ The book on Amazon: https://amzn.to/2NKposg Numberphile podcast is on your podcast player. Or the website is: https://www.numberphile.com/podcast And it’s on YouTube too: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Pod_Playlist The Knight’s Tour T-Shirt is in

Featuring Hannah Fry discusses Train Graphs. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Hannah’s website, including links to her many and varied projects… and latest books: https://hannahfry.co.uk Her latest book (with Adam Rutherford) is the Complete Guide to Absolutely Everything (Abridged): https://amzn.to/30Mr6UE Hannah on Numberphile: http://bit.ly/hannah_vids Hannah on the Numberphile podcast: https://youtu.be/KKCjQWmUwv8 Numberphile

Thanks to Jumar for the suggestion! Can you solve this interesting geometry problem? 0:00 Problem 1:10 Similar triangles 2:29 Solution Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from the links below I may receive a commission

Thanks to George Tan for suggesting this problem! It is from the 2019 SPM paper in Malaysia. Many students cried after taking the exam, and many teachers found the problems to be very challenging as well. (This means the problems were hard given the syllabus and expectations of the exam–no need to let us know

Professor Tony Padilla is back with another epic number. Our Big Number playlist of previous videos: http://bit.ly/Big_Numbers More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Busy Beavers on Computerphile: https://youtu.be/CE8UhcyJS0I With thanks to Agustín Rayo himself. Read more from Prof Rayo at: http://web.mit.edu/arayo/www/bignums.html And see his website at: https://arayo.scripts.mit.edu/home/ Tony Padilla: https://twitter.com/DrTonyPadilla Numberphile is

An evil warden holds you prisoner, but offers you a chance to escape. There are 3 doors A, B, and C. Two of the doors lead to freedom and the third door leads to lifetime imprisonment, but you do not which door is what type. You are allowed to point to a door and ask

Tadashi is back, this time looking at drooping paper (and toilet paper). More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Subscribe to Numberphile and never miss a floppy paper video: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Playlist of Tadashi Tokieda videos: http://bit.ly/tadashi_vids Pizza and Gaussian curvature: https://youtu.be/gi-TBlh44gY Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile

Check our sponsor The Great Courses Plus (free trial): http://ow.ly/j5cB30hIvm2 This video features Cliff Stoll. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ More Cliff Stoll videos: http://bit.ly/Cliff_Videos Buy a Klein Bottle from Cliff – it’s an experience: http://www.kleinbottle.com Discuss this video on Brady’s subreddit: https://redd.it/96x6c4 Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research

Hippocrates of Chios solved this, nearly 100 years before Euclid even wrote The Elements, and before we knew the exact formula for the area of a circle. This is said to be the first precise mathematical of the area between two curved lines. Learn how he solved for the area of a crescent-shaped lune (same

Thanks to Nikhil Patro for suggesting this problem! What is the sum of the corner angles in a regular 5-sided star? What if the star is not regular, what is the sum of corner angles then? There are some neat ways to solve this. I present my favorite methods. Thanks to all patrons! Special thanks

The abc Conjecture may have been proven by a Japanese mathematician – but what is it? More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Feeling brave and want to read the papers by Shinichi Mochizuki – http://www.kurims.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~motizuki/papers-english.html (scroll to the bottom) This video features Dr James Grime who tweets at https://twitter.com/jamesgrime NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/

Albert Einstein was challenged with a simple riddle in a 1934 correspondence with the psychologist Max Wertheimer. Can you figure it out? Thanks to all patrons! Special thanks to: Shrihari Puranik, Richard Ohnemus, Michael Anvari, Kyle. We are the only channel to feature math topics suggested by people around the world. Support on Patreon to

Fields Medallist and math “celebrity” Cédric Villani is famous for wearing ornate spiders on his lapel. More Villani videos: http://bit.ly/Villani_Videos Cédric Villani website: http://cedricvillani.org His book Birth of a Theorem (Amazon): http://bit.ly/BirthOfATheorem Villani talks about his Fields Medal: https://youtu.be/Vp3sgYKULp0 Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile We are also supported by

Featuring Professor Howard Masur from the University of Chicago. Filmed at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI). Part 2 of this interview: https://youtu.be/AGX0cLbHaog Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile We are also supported by Science Sandbox, a Simons Foundation initiative dedicated to engaging everyone with the process of

The famed Poincaré Conjecture – the only Millennium Problem cracked thus far. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Ricci Flow (used to solve the problem): http://youtu.be/hwOCqA9Xw6A Riemann Hypothesis: http://youtu.be/d6c6uIyieoo Extra interview footage with Jim Isenberg: http://youtu.be/7eJleW0JcKg Grigori Perelman’s paper: http://bit.ly/perelmanpaper Discussed here by Katie Steckles and James Isenberg. Support us on Patreon:

People around the world have asked me this and similar problems. Learn how to solve using only geometry (and a little bit of algebra). There are many other ways to solve the problem too https://www.mathalino.com/reviewer/plane-geometry/02-area-common-arcs-quarter-circles Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Like many

This problem is adapted from an Oxford University admissions question. They say if you can solve this in your head, you are a genius 😉 Alex Bellos’s column on The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/jul/12/did-you-solve-it-oxford-university-admissions-questions Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas!

Tadashi Tokieda puts $20 on the line… More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ More Tadashi videos: http://bit.ly/tadashi_vids Paperclips: https://youtu.be/wGkvyN6s9cY Video by Brady Haran and Pete McPartlan (animations by Pete) Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical

Three squares are placed in a row. Connect the bottom left corner of each square to the top right corner of the third square, forming angles with measures a, b, c with the horizontal. What is the sum of a, b, and c? Many people requested this problem, and I thank Roberto O. and Cardist

Johnny Ball on Russian and Egyptian Multiplication. Check out Brilliant (get 20% off their premium service): https://brilliant.org/numberphile (sponsor) More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ More on Johnny Ball, including his books and live shows: https://www.johnnyball.co.uk Russian multiplication is also known as Ethiopian multiplication. Why Use Binary? (on Computerphile) – https://youtu.be/thrx3SBEpL8 Discuss on

An exciting paper about gaps between prime numbers – a step closer to proving the twin prime conjecture. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Extra footage at http://youtu.be/D4_sNKoO-RA The proof was published by Yitang “Tom” Zhang from the University of New Hampshire. We’re discussing it in simple terms with Numberphile regulars –

Your math teacher and friends will be confused, but you’ll look like a genius when you solve multiplication problems with this unusual math trick. Source: I read about this trick from a math book first published in 1956. (Rapid Math Without A Calculator by Frederick Collins). If you like my videos, you can support me

Students in the UK faced a similar question to this one. Don’t give up–U can solve it! Adapted from [GCSE Edexcel Further Math] How would you solve for x? from HomeworkHelp Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If

Archimedes’s famous Cattle Problem had a truly epic solution. Featuring Alex Bellos. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Alex Bellos: http://www.alexbellos.com More Alex videos on Numberphile: http://bit.ly/Bellos_Playlist So You Think You’ve Got Problems by Alex Bellos Amazon: https://amzn.to/2KR9Get Signed copies via MathsGear:http://bit.ly/BellosProblemsSigned More Alex books: https://amzn.to/2KQTc5Y The Cattle Problem by AH Bell:

I received many requests for this challenging problem. Can you solve it? Thanks to Toli for the suggestion! Geometry solution in method 1 http://128.192.17.191/EMT668/EMAT6680.F99/Estes/15degrees/15degreesgeometric.html Another geometry solution http://128.192.17.191/EMT668/EMAT6680.F99/Estes/15degrees/solution2.html Trigonometry solution http://128.192.17.191/EMT668/EMAT6680.F99/Estes/15degrees/15degreestrigonometric.html Go Geometry discussion https://gogeometry.blogspot.com/2009/11/problem-395-square-15-degree.html https://drive.google.com/file/d/1A0Az5nJ9wGBwcM2F4gQY2dSfeKJZ1gSS/view Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I

A chat about some of the ways legendary physicist Richard Feynman cracked safes (filing cabinets) at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Discussed by Professor Roger Bowley. My Favourite Scientist on Feynman: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qoYWfytx5QA Feynman Diagrams: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bbJeMBHq0g Enigma: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2_Q9FoD-oQ NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile

A triangle with sides of 4, 3, and 5 is drawn inside a square as shown. What is the length of the square’s side? It’s a fun little geometry problem! Sources https://www.instagram.com/p/Btw9ZfyBz5w/ http://mathhelpforum.com/geometry/236852-area-square-right-triangle-inside.html Egyptian Proverb http://oaks.nvg.org/egyptian-proverbs.html Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address in video). I consider all ideas though can’t always reply! Why

This was asked to students in 1801, but it is still a challenging and fun problem to solve to this day! Source See page 5, problem 24 https://archive.org/details/cambridgeproblem00cambuoft/page/4/mode/2up Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/MindYourDecisions?sub_confirmation=1 Send me suggestions by email (address at end of many videos). I may not reply but I do consider all ideas! If you buy from

This video features Dr Hannah Fry (more links below) ↓↓↓ Check out Brilliant.org: https://brilliant.org/numberphile (20% off premium subscription) That circle cutting problem on Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/NumberphileSandwich Hannah Fry on Twitter: https://twitter.com/FryRsquared Read about Hannah’s Xmas book (and buy a copy to show her some support!): http://www.bradyharanblog.com/blog/hannahs-book More Hannah videos on Numberphile: http://bit.ly/hannah_vids Animation by Pete McPartlan

Happy #PiDay! When two of the hardest tests in the world cover the same problem, you know it’s a big deal. References Wikipedia article https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proof_that_22/7_exceeds_%CF%80 Putnam exam 1968 A1 https://prase.cz/kalva/putnam/putn68.html JEE Advanced 2010 Paper Solutions Part-1 | IIT-JEE | Strategy, Tips, & Tricks | Paper Discussion (see around 55:30) https://youtu.be/Zz4buu5y7_8?t=3330 Proving 22/7 is greater than

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